Therefore, Once the
Trademark or Patent is published it is regarded as the sole
property of its owner. Therefore, any usage by
others, physically or judicially, without the
written permission of the proprietor shall be
subject to civil and criminal liabilities under
the Laws of State of Eritrea.
To publish a trademark
in the Official Gazette, the following is required:
- Full name, address and nationality of
- 5 prints of the mark.
- Power of Attorney simply signed and sealed.
- The class or classes of goods or services.
- Languages of Publication and,
- A copy of the certificate
of Registration of Trademark in the Country of
Origin or in other country, if any.
Other information about
A search can
be made first to ascertain the availability of the
Under the law of Eritrea, an opposition is classified
as a suit to be filed before a Court of Law.
For this purpose, such a suit must be filed within
a reasonable time from the date of publication.
Up to date, Eritrean courts has not laid down any
The publication languages are,
Tigre (local language of
Eritrea), Arabic and
English. A trademark may be
published in more than one language.
Why publishing in more than one
It is not officially required to publish the Cautionary Notice in more
than one language, but such publication gives applicant the best
protection that can be achieved.
The local language is the official language of
the State of Eritrea. Secondly is Arabic language. If English / French / German / Italian etc.
is the language of the client, we strongly recommend publication in
English also. It is the practice as well. Multiple language publication
ensures that all inhabitants can easily read, understand and thus be
aware of the content of the Cautionary Notice.
Name : State of
Capital City :
Languages : Arabic,
Trgringia and other
Christian, Muslim and
Population : 4,299,000
Currency : Nakfa
Border Countries :
Djibouti, Ethiopia, Sudan
According to the
Provisional Commercial Code of Eritrea the minimum
capital requirement for establishing a private
company is Nakfa 15,000. Whereas for a share company
it is Nakfa 50,000.
Tax - 2 to 30% of profit
Personal Income Tax -
2 to 30% of salary
Export goods are free of
Import goods - 2 to 100% of
Transaction tax - 5% of the
Service & Sales Tax - 5 to 10% of the
An Investor can get a land for
development from the government in any suitable location
for free of charge or sometimes on lease basis
depending on the project specification.
The climate is moderate clean
and suitable for agriculture
Labour : Labour is
cheap and adequate number can be found in both
skilled and unskilled categories.
: Vastly developing with new
technologies. Internet, telephone and facsmile
are available easily.